Integration with UCS/Mail
From Univention Wiki
Use an existing UCS mailstack in Docker Apps
If the App relies on an existing mail infrastructure (IMAP, SMTP), best practice is to set a dependency RequiredAppsInDomain=mailserver in the Apps ini file. This way the UCS mailstack has to be installed (anywhere in the UCS domain) before the installation of the App is allowed.
Next step is to configure the App to use the UCS IMAP/SMTP server. This should be done in the Apps join script.
... . /usr/share/univention-appcenter/joinscripthelper.sh ... eval "$(univention-config-registry shell)" ... # use the first IMAP server as smtp and imap server mailserver="$(univention-ldapsearch -LLL univentionService=IMAP cn | grep "^cn: " | sed s/"^cn: "// | head -n1)" if [ -n "$mailserver" ]; then mailserver="$mailserver.$domainname" joinscript_run_in_container my-app-setup --config imap="$mailserver" joinscript_run_in_container my-app-setup --config smtp="$mailserver" joinscript_run_in_container my-app-setup --config sieve="$mailserver" fi ...
This snippet searches the UCS LDAP for a host with the service IMAP and sets the FQDN of this host as IMAP, SMTP and SIEVE server in the container. This may not be the correct server for every setup but it is at least a good default.
Best practice IMAP settings:
- Port 143
- Authentication is possible for domain users with a mailPrimaryAddress
- Uid or mailPrimaryAddress are both valid for authentication
Best practice SMTP settings:
- Port 587 (submission) for authentication
- Auth login or Auth Plain
Provide SMTP/IMAP in Docker Apps
To provide SMTP and/or IMAP services in a Docker App, these services have to stopped on the Docker host. This can be done in the App's preinst Docker script.
#!/bin/bash # stop imap/smtp on docker host test -e /etc/init.d/postfix && service postfix stop test -e /etc/init.d/dovecot && service dovecot stop ucr set postfix/autostart='no' ucr set dovecot/autostart='no'
To map SMTP and IMAP ports from the container to the host to be able to use the Docker host as IMAP/SMTP server the parameter PortsExclusive can be set in the App's ini file.
# map pop3(s), imap(s), smtp(s), submission and sieve port PortsExclusive=110,143,993,995,587,25,465,4190
Firewall exceptions for these ports are create automatically.
Best practice is to at least map the imap data store to the Docker host to provide a separation of data and container (important for migration to docker and Docker image updates). These Docker volumes can be configured in the App's ini file.
# mount dovecot data store from host into container DockerVolumes=/var/spool/dovecot:/var/spool/dovecot
To provide SSL/TLS IMAP and SMTP in the Docker container, it is possible to map the Docker hosts (UCS) certificate into the container by adding HostCertificateAccess=true to the App's ini file.
IMAP (e.g. dovecot) and SMTP (e.g. postfix) services can now be configured to use the Docker hosts certificate in /etc/univention/ssl/FQDN_OF_DOCKER_HOST/cert.pem (/etc/univention/ssl/FQDN_OF_DOCKER_HOST/private.key).
Local mail on the Docker host
With a stopped postfix on the docker host, mail can no longer be delivered locally. If that is a problem, the following setup can help.
Install the "extremely simple MTA" ssmtp and configure this MTA to use the localhost (our Docker container is listening on localhost:25).
univention-install --yes ssmtp # add mailhub=localhost:25 in to /etc/ssmtp/ssmtp.conf
Now configure postfix in the Docker container to deliver mails from the Docker host locally by adding the FQDN of the Docker host to mydestination:
ucr set mail/postfix/mydestination="\$myhostname, localhost.\$mydomain, localhost, $DOCKER_HOST_NAME"