Difference between revisions of "Integration with UCS/LDAP"

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Revision as of 20:22, 4 April 2018


In a UCS environment, LDAP is the single database for identity and infrastructure management.

Apps should use the LDAP database for tasks related to identity management, which often comes down to login (authentication and authorization).

Quick overview over the different server roles

UCS is a domain operating system. It runs on many servers in a company in various "server roles". We distinguish four roles:

  • Domaincontroller Master: The first and most important server. It hold the definitive copy of the LDAP database.
  • Domaincontroller Backup: A backup server that holds an exact copy of the DC Master's LDAP. Should the DC Master go down (as in "meltdown", not "temporary downtime"), a Backup may take its place permanently.
  • Domaincontroller Slave: A server with a read-only copy of the LDAP. It may be used for "load balancing", as services may ask the local read-only LDAP instead of having to go against the DC Master. DC Slaves may be used in each location should a company have multiple. Note that in advanced settings (such as UCS@school), DC Slaves may only have access to a certain portion of the database.
  • Memberserver: A normal server with no own LDAP database. They are used to run specific services (such as Apps).

Authentication

App Providers should go against the LDAP server configured for the server the App is installed on. Docker Apps get the following environment variables to connect to LDAP:

  • LDAP_SERVER_NAME: FQDN of the server the App may connect to
  • LDAP_SERVER_IP: The IP address
  • LDAP_SERVER_PORT: ... and the port
  • LDAP_SERVER_ADDITION: Should the server above drop out, this list of servers may be asked instead
  • LDAP_BASE: The base for the whole LDAP database, e.g., dc=mydomain,dc=intranet
Important
You should always use the LDAP_BASE for an LDAP query. While many environments save their users below cn=users,$LDAP_BASE, this does not hold for all environments. LDAP is fast enough to make such a restriction unnecessary.

When a Docker App is installed, a user account is created specifically for this container. The account has read access to the important parts of the LDAP directory. The username is passed as the environment variable LDAP_BASEDN. The password is written in the file /etc/machine.secret.

The credentials are not changed when a container is upgraded. But they change if an App is installed, uninstalled and installed again.

Authorization

You may consider narrowing down the users that may use the App. If so, you might want to read Integration with UCS/Attributes

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