From Univention Wiki
Univention Corporate Server (UCS) is a Debian GNU/Linux-based server operating system with integrated management system for the central administration of servers, services, clients, desktops and users. This quickstart guide offers a short introduction on how to get startet with UCS. Detailed descriptions can be found in the UCS manual.
Preparation & installation
The installation DVD can be downloaded from the Univention website. The current version is UCS 3.2.
Installation DVDs are available for the amd64 (64-bit) and i386 (32-bit) CPU architectures. Almost all server hardware purchased in recent years should be 64 bit capable. The installation of the 64 bit version is recommended.
An ISO DVD image for amd64 with support for the Unified Extensible Firmware Interface-Standard (UEFI) is available besides the default installation DVD. On systems that support only a UEFI start, it must be used instead of the default DVD.
An overview of the hardware certified for and successfully tested with UCS can be found on the Univention website in the area compatible hardware. The list does not claim to be exhaustive, which means that other systems which do not appear on the list are also supported.
The system requirements vary considerably depending on the intended purpose and the number of users. The minimum requirements for the installation are 512 MB memory and 8 GB hard drive space.
The installation is performed via a menu-driven text installer and can be used both interactively and completely profile-based.
The first UCS system role in the UCS domain should always be a domain controller master. UCS management system (Univention Management Console and infrastructure components such as OpenLDAP, PKI, Kerberos and DNS server) are installed on the DC master by default. All other UCS server and desktop system roles - with the exception of the UCS base system - then join the UCS domain's trust context during their installation. A UCS base system is not a member of the UCS domain and is intended as a firewall system in the DMZ, for example.
Autopartitioning can be used during the installation that creates a LVM partion on the first hard drive by default. If hard drive encryption or software RAID is to be used, the installation must be performed in expert mode. However, we recommend a hardware RAID controller for the use of RAID. A list of successfully tested models can be found on the Univention websites in the area compatible hardware.
A valid network configuration should be set during the installation. If, for example, a gateway and a name server are specified, but the name server cannot be reached, this may result in unnecessary timeouts. In these cases, it makes more sense not to specify a gateway.
Administration (Univention Management Console)
- In the standard setting, the installed UCS system offers an overview of the functions and administrator's tools via http or https at (https://server_ip). The login to the administrator's tools is performed as Administrator with the password specified for the root user during the installation.
New users, groups, computers, etc., can be created on a DC master using Univention Management Console (UMC). The objects created in UMC are saved in the OpenLDAP directory service and replicated to the other UCS systems in the UCS domain.
Additionally a command line interface (Univention Directory Manager) is offered for the integration in scripts or automated tasks. Additional information on this can be found in the UCS manual.
Univention Management Console (UMC) can also be used for the web-based management of single systems, e.g. for starting/stopping system services or for modifying configuration parameters.
UCS updates / Installing additional software
Release or errata updates (security updates and critical bugfixes) can be run in the UMC module Online updates or the command line with the univention-upgrade command.
If there is a internet connection, the updates are downloaded and installed directly from the Univention update server.
Additional software can be installed using the Univention App Center in the Univention Management Console.
- Additional UCS software can be installed/removed using the category UCS components
- Third-party software and UCS-compatible addon products (e.g. UCS@school for school deployment or various groupware solutions) can also be installed through the App Center.
Individual packages can be installed on the command line with the univention-install command.
Configuration management using Univention Configuration Registry
Univention Configuration Registry is the central tool for managing the local system configuration of a UCS-based system. Direct editing of the configuration files is usually not necessary.
Settings are specified in a consistent format in a registry mechanism, the so-called Univention Configuration Registry variables. These variables are used to generate the configuration files used effectively by the services/programs from the configuration templates (the so-called Univention Configuration Registry templates).
UCR variables are managed via the univention-config-registry command or via its alias ucr on the console or via the UMC module Univention Configuration Registry in the web browser.
Configuration files are automatically updated when the UCR variables registered on them are changed.
A minimal desktop based on KDE can be installed. It provides the needed functionality to access the web-based Univention Management Console.
The first source of help for UCS is the UCS manual. Help on UCS is offered in the Univention forum and useful information can be found in the Univention support and knowledge base (SDB). Errors in the documentation or programs can be reported directly in Univention Bugzilla.
An introduction into virtualization using UCS is given in the following article: UVMM Quickstart Guide